Monkeypox (MPV)

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is very contagious and can be extremely painful. Currently, we have not received the vaccine needed to help reduce the spread of monkeypox. Once the vaccine is available for us to administer, we will provide updated eligibility criteria.

Symptoms and Transmission 

Monkeypox occurs in three stages. After an incubation period of approximately 1–2 weeks, a prodrome, characterized by fever and lymphadenopathy occurs, which is followed by the onset of a deep-seated vesicular or pustular rash that often begins centrally and spreads to the limbs. Transmission of monkeypox can occur through direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids, through respiratory secretions during prolonged face-to-face contact or intimate physical contact, or through touching items, such as clothing or linens, that previously touched a patient’s infectious rash or body fluids. Patients are considered contagious until the scabs have crusted over and fallen off and a fresh layer of intact skin has formed underneath.

 Additional Resources:

Illinois Declares Monkeypox a Public Health Emergency: 

CDC Frequently asked questions about Monkeypox: 

Key Characteristics of Monkeypox:


APPOINTMENTS ARE REQUIRED FOR HEALTH DEPARTMENT VACCINATIONS - front bldg, 415 Health Dept Rd, Murphysboro, IL 62966.  Follow this link to schedule an appointment for COVID, Flu or any other immunization.  For assistance call 618-684-3143. 

  • Illinois School Immunization information -

  • JCHD will begin administering COVID-19 vaccinations to children in the 6mo-4 year age range on Tuesday, June 28. While Pfizer and Moderna have received Federal authorization for use in this age group, JCHD only plans to administer Pfizer at this time. The primary series consists of three doses with the second dose coming at least 3 weeks after the first dose, and the third dose at least 8 weeks after the second dose. All vaccinations are provided by appointment Mon-Fri 8:30am-3:30pm, with additional hours until 5:30pm on Tuesdays. Appointments can be made at or by calling 618-684-3143 ext. 150. Please do not schedule any appointments for kids 6 mo-4yrs prior to June 28. All COVID-19 vaccinations at JCHD are provided at no charge, with no insurance card needed.

  • Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine has been authorized for use in children 5-11 years old.  The 2 dose series will be administered at least 3 weeks apart.  Schedule your appt here
  • Booster doses are available to those: vaccinated with Pfizer (12 and older) or Moderna (18 and older) are eligible for a booster of your choice five months from the date of your second dose or two months from the single dose of Johnson & Johnson (18 and older); and anyone over 50 has a choice for a fourth booster 4 months from your third dose of Pfizer or Moderna.

Verify your COVID Vaccine